All posts tagged: prevent

Can exercise help prevent prostate cancer? A new study shows how physical activity reduces the risk

Can exercise help prevent prostate cancer? A new study shows how physical activity reduces the risk

Some previous studies looking at the connection between physical activity and prostate cancer have been contradictory, according to Dr Kate Bolam, a co-author of the study. While some showed increased risk of prostate cancer for those who were physically active, others found a decreased risk. But many of those studies had small sample sizes or were biased toward healthier people, said Dr Bolam, a researcher at the Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences. “Men who are generally more health-conscious,” she said, “are also good at going to the doctor when they are called for their prostate cancer screening tests.” More testing means more diagnoses, including in men whose cancers will never progress. Sometimes cancer cells can exist in the prostate for one’s entire life and not be dangerous, so many men who are not tested and do not experience symptoms may never know they have prostate cancer. The Swedish team was able to create a more nuanced picture by using a national database with hundreds of thousands of in-lab results, including fitness tests measuring …

ICJ declines new Rafah protections, says Israel must prevent genocide

ICJ declines new Rafah protections, says Israel must prevent genocide

The International Court of Justice on Friday declined South Africa’s request to introduce additional safeguards for Palestinians ahead of Israel’s planned offensive in the southern city of Rafah, where an estimated 1.4 million Palestinians are seeking refuge from Israeli bombardment. In its response to a Feb. 12 request from South Africa, the ICJ said the “perilous situation” in Rafah required Israel to abide by its previous ruling last month, which included taking “all measures within its power” to prevent the crime of genocide and to allow more aid into Gaza. South Africa is pursuing a case against Israel in the ICJ, alleging it is committing and failing to prevent genocide in Gaza, accusations that Israel denies. A verdict on the question of genocide could take years. The situation in Rafah is becoming increasingly dire, the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said in its most recent update, with people “desperate, hungry, and terrified” ahead of the expected attack. OCHA said that the number of aid trucks allowed to enter the Gaza Strip …

Green bananas can both reduce and prevent cancers by over 60%, study finds

Green bananas can both reduce and prevent cancers by over 60%, study finds

Activating the immune system at the site of a tumor can recruit and stimulate immune cells to destroy tumor cells. (CREDIT: Creative Commons) A groundbreaking trial has revealed that resistant starch, found in common foods like oats and slightly green bananas, can significantly reduce the risk of a wide range of cancers. The study, called CAPP2, involved nearly 1,000 participants with Lynch syndrome from around the world and was led by experts from the Universities of Newcastle and Leeds. According to Cancer Research UK, Lynch syndrome affects approximately one in 300 people in the UK and is caused by a genetic fault that increases the risk of bowel, womb, and ovarian cancer, as well as other cancers. People with Lynch syndrome have up to an 80% chance of developing bowel cancer in their lifetime and are also at risk of developing other cancers at a younger age than the general population. The study results showed that a regular dose of resistant starch, also known as fermentable fibre, taken for an average of two years, did …

Lifechanging cholesterol finding could prevent cardiovascular disease and stroke

Lifechanging cholesterol finding could prevent cardiovascular disease and stroke

Dr Beatriz Romartinez-Alonso (left) and Dr Louise Fairall. (CREDIT: University of Leicester) Researchers at the University of Leicester, in collaboration with colleagues from the USA, China, and Australia, have made a groundbreaking discovery regarding the intricate mechanism by which cholesterol from our diet is absorbed into our cells. This significant breakthrough, recently published in the prestigious journal Science, opens up promising avenues for therapeutic interventions that could revolutionize the control of cholesterol uptake, potentially saving lives. Cholesterol, a natural fatty substance found in the bloodstream, plays a vital role in the human body. It is primarily synthesized in the liver and is also present in certain foods, including red meat and dairy products. Furthermore, cooking methods like frying can contribute to the cholesterol content of our diets. While cholesterol is necessary for various bodily functions, an excess of it, known as high cholesterol, can lead to the accumulation of fatty deposits in arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease. The research, generously funded by the Leducq Foundation, which awarded $6 million to eight laboratories across …

Officials Plan to Prevent Non-Flying Public From Accessing the Atlanta Airport With New Rules

Officials Plan to Prevent Non-Flying Public From Accessing the Atlanta Airport With New Rules

ATLANTA (AP) — Officials at the world’s busiest airport want to prevent the non-flying general public from accessing the terminal at all times, citing safety and security concerns at the Atlanta airport. The Atlanta City Council transportation committee voted Wednesday to change the loitering ordinance for Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport, the Atlanta Journal Constitution reported. The measure next goes to the full council for a final vote. More than 100 million passengers traveled through the city-owned airport last year. “We’re going to have 24/7 where we restrict access to the airport to ticketed passengers, those meeting or greeting passengers, those who are employed and those others having ability to do business at the airport,” Hartsfield-Jackson senior deputy general manager Michael Smith said. Photos You Should See Airport officials instituted a policy in 2018 of limiting access to the facility between 11 p.m. and 4:30 a.m. to prevent homeless people from sleeping in the domestic terminal. That policy was codified into law in 2021, and now officials want to expand the hours of restricted access to 24 …

School uniforms may prevent children from getting enough exercise

School uniforms may prevent children from getting enough exercise

School uniforms may restrict movement, making children less active Dan Kenyon/Getty Images Wearing a uniform to school has been linked to young children getting insufficient amounts of exercise, particularly girls. With many children missing the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation of at least 60 minutes of exercise per day, Mairead Ryan at the University of Cambridge and her colleagues decided to look into why. They analysed existing data about the physical activity levels of more than 1 million children aged 5 to 17 years old from 135 countries and territories, which they compared with the results of their own online survey on how common school uniforms are in these places. Overall, boys were 1.5 times more likely than girls to meet the WHO recommendation for physical activity. But that gap is nearly twice as great among younger children who live in places where school uniforms are the norm, says Ryan. Among secondary school students (generally aged 11 to 17), uniforms didn’t appear to be linked to any sex-related differences in physical activity. However, in primary …

Coffee grounds could prevent Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s diseases, study finds

Coffee grounds could prevent Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s diseases, study finds

Neurodegenerative disorders, which afflict millions of individuals across the United States, pose a significant societal and economic burden. (CREDIT: Creative Commons) Neurodegenerative disorders, which afflict millions of individuals across the United States, pose a significant societal and economic burden, with costs reaching hundreds of billions of dollars annually, as reported by the Alzheimer’s Association. However, a groundbreaking discovery by researchers from The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) suggests a promising avenue for tackling these devastating conditions through an unlikely source – used coffee grounds. The research team, led by Jyotish Kumar, a dedicated doctoral student in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at UTEP, and overseen by Mahesh Narayan, Ph.D., a distinguished professor and Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry within the same department, has unveiled a potential game-changer in the fight against neurodegenerative diseases. Their work centers around caffeic-acid based Carbon Quantum Dots (CACQDs), derived from discarded coffee grounds, which may offer protection to brain cells against the damage triggered by various factors including obesity, aging, and exposure to toxic environmental …

Scientists made a ‘zinc trap’ to prevent noise-induced hearing loss (in mice)

Scientists made a ‘zinc trap’ to prevent noise-induced hearing loss (in mice)

Music at a blaring concert, racket from tools at a construction site, or the firing of weapons can all cause noise-induced hearing loss. An acute traumatic injury to the ear from loud sounds can even progress into some more severe conditions including tinnitus and hyperacusis. People with tinnitus hear ringing or buzzing that isn’t there, while those with hyperacusis generally experience normal levels of sound as painful.  “Noise-induced hearing loss is very common and debilitating. It is a major cause of hearing loss, and one in every five people globally suffers from it,” University of Pittsburgh otolaryngologist Thanos Tzounopoulos, tells PopSci. “Hearing loss, especially noise-induced hearing loss, is very common, yet its biological mechanism is not fully understood.” [Related: It’s never too early to start protecting your hearing.] Tzounopoulos is a co-author of a new study that is putting this type of hearing loss in focus. His research found the molecular mechanisms of noise-induced hearing loss in mice and showed that medication can be used to mitigate it. The findings are described in a study …

Germany looks to prevent far-right takeover of the judiciary – POLITICO

Germany looks to prevent far-right takeover of the judiciary – POLITICO

Ultimately, however, it would be up to the justices of the constitutional court to decide on whether the party can be banned — another reason, advocates argue, to push for changes to the constitution to protect the court. Ultimately, it would be up to the justices of the constitutional court to decide on whether the party can be banned — another reason, advocates argue, to push for changes to the constitution to protect the court | Jens Schlueter/AFP via Getty Images Justices of Germany’s federal constitutional court serve 12-year terms and, in order to assure their independence, they cannot be re-elected. Politicians from both center-left and center-right parties have spoken out in favor of now anchoring such rules in the constitution. Despite that apparent consensus, it’s unclear whether conservative opposition leaders in Germany’s parliament, in an atmosphere of growing partisan rancor, will give the ruling coalition the votes it needs to do so. “We are very cautious when it comes to further amendments to the constitution,” Friedrich Merz, the leader of the center-right Christian Democratic …

Can a new shot prevent a hangover? I put it to the test | Alcohol

Can a new shot prevent a hangover? I put it to the test | Alcohol

If dry January left you craving a big night out, the arrival of wet February – where some people overcompensate after a month without alcohol – may already have served up a reminder of the downsides of excess drinking. If so, a new product that is claimed to rapidly reduce blood alcohol, combat symptoms of drunkenness and allow users to “never lose a day” to the night before may sound like an appealing antidote. Safety Shot is the latest in a slew of products that are said to accelerate the breakdown of alcohol and replenish essential nutrients that help the body recover. “The big difference is that there’s nothing in the world that lowers your blood alcohol content like our patented beverage,” said Safety Shot’s CEO, Brian John. Launched in the US before Christmas, cans of the stuff almost immediately sold out. Further launches are planned in the UK and elsewhere later this year. But does it really work? I nobly reached for a wine glass to find out. A birthday dinner party provides my …