All posts tagged: study

Artificial Intelligence set to drive major tech advancements in 2024, IEEE study finds

Artificial Intelligence set to drive major tech advancements in 2024, IEEE study finds

Artificial intelligence (AI) in its many evolving forms will be the most important area of technology in 2024, according to a new global survey of chief technology officers and IT directors conducted by IEEE, the world’s largest technical professional organization. The new study titled “The Impact of Technology in 2024 and Beyond: An IEEE Global Study” polled 350 chief information officers, chief technology officers, IT directors and other technology leaders in the U.S., China, U.K., India and Brazil about the technologies that will drive growth over the next year. AI and its subsets like machine learning and natural language processing dominated the technology outlook, with 65% of technology executives picking it as one of their top three most important tech fields for 2024.  “Generative AI has become so prolific across all business sectors to assist in gathering data, creating reports, analyzing trends, and developing new products,” said IEEE Fellow Karen Panetta in an exclusive interview with VentureBeat. “The applications are limitless, including healthcare, marketing, cybersecurity, and streamlining manufacturing processes.” VB Event The AI Impact Tour …

Does size matter? New study provides insight into women’s preferences

Does size matter? New study provides insight into women’s preferences

What factors influence the popularity of sex toys, specifically those designed for vaginal insertion? A study published in The Journal of Sex Research delved into this question, revealing that women’s preferences might not align with common assumptions. The research was conducted by analyzing data from Lovehoney, the United Kingdom’s largest online sex toy retailer. The study focused on a sample of 265 phallic-shaped products, assessing various characteristics such as size, material, presence of realistic features (like veins or a skin-like texture), and whether the toy included a vibrating function. These products were evaluated using detailed onsite specifications, customer reviews, and visual assessments from product photographs, aiming to understand which features aligned with higher popularity and consumer preference. The analysis found that the most popular products among the sample had an average circumference of 4.85 inches, which is slightly above the average erect penis circumference but still within what might be considered a moderate size range. This preference suggests that consumers prioritize comfort and usability over the novelty of larger sizes. It indicates a practical approach …

E-bike head trauma soars as helmet use falls, study finds : Shots

E-bike head trauma soars as helmet use falls, study finds : Shots

E-bike use is increasing quickly, but many people do not wear helmets. And head injuries from e-bike accidents are rising fast too, a study in JAMA Surgery shows. Chris Delmas/AFP via Getty Images hide caption toggle caption Chris Delmas/AFP via Getty Images E-bike use is increasing quickly, but many people do not wear helmets. And head injuries from e-bike accidents are rising fast too, a study in JAMA Surgery shows. Chris Delmas/AFP via Getty Images E-bike injuries have surged, sending thousands of Americans to hospitals in recent years, new research shows. Electronic bicycle accidents were particularly hard on riders’ heads, especially the majority of those injured who didn’t wear helmets. Helmet use declined by almost 6 percent each year between 2017 and 2022, while the number of e-bike riders with head trauma seeking hospital care shot up 49 fold to nearly 8,000 in 2022, according to research published in JAMA Surgery on Wednesday. “It’s a really significant public health problem,” said Dr. Laura Goodman, a pediatric surgeon and trauma medical director of the Children’s Hospital …

These common sleep habits could lead to developing dementia, study finds

These common sleep habits could lead to developing dementia, study finds

How long people sleep and when they go to bed could influence their risk of dementia. (CREDIT: Creative Commons) According to a new study, how long people sleep and when they go to bed could influence their risk of dementia. Researchers from China, Sweden, and the United Kingdom found that sleep for more than eight hours increased dementia risk by 69%, while sleeping before 9 p.m. rather than 10 p.m. or later, increased dementia risk by two times. Furthermore, the study found that “cognitive function should be monitored in older adults who report prolonged time in bed and advanced sleep timing, especially in older males aged 60 to 74.” Research in the future “may clarify whether moderately reducing [time in bed] and delaying sleep timing can help slow down cognitive decline and delay dementia onset in older adults,” wrote Dr. Rui Liu, the lead author of the study, from Shandong University’s Shandong Provincial Hospital in Jinan, China. A total of 97 participants were diagnosed with dementia during an average follow-up period of 3.7 years out …

Perceived sex ratios influence women’s body image and dieting motivation, study finds

Perceived sex ratios influence women’s body image and dieting motivation, study finds

The journal Archives of Sexual Behavior recently published a study showing that women’s dissatisfaction with their body image and their motivations for weight loss are significantly influenced by how they perceive the local sex ratio — specifically, the number of women compared to men in their environment. This investigation, involving five studies, found that a higher ratio of women to men intensifies competition among women and leads to increased body dissatisfaction — and, as such, a stronger desire to lose weight. The concept of sex ratio, the balance between the number of males and females in a given population, has long fascinated scientists. Sex ratio itself is a crucial aspect of mating competition across various species — including humans. Previous studies have shown that skewed sex ratios can affect individuals’ behavior and preferences in the mating market, and this latest research builds on these findings by exploring how perceived sex ratios impact women’s body image and dieting intentions, using a mix of real-world observations and experimental manipulations to shed light on this complex phenomenon. The …

AI influences decline in freelance writing and service jobs, study finds

AI influences decline in freelance writing and service jobs, study finds

Writing, translation, and customer service jobs have experienced the largest decrease in the freelance work market due to the influence of AI, according to a new study. Data from Upwork, an American freelancing platform, analyzed by Bloomberry, showed that there were 33% fewer writing jobs from November 1, 2022, to February 14, 2024. At the same time, translation jobs declined by 19%, while customer service jobs saw a 16% decrease. On the upside, demand for video editing, graphic design, as well as web development saw a significant increase, with video production jobs up 39%. Graphic design jobs have also seen an 8% increase, while web design positions have risen by 10%. Additionally, software development roles are on the rise, with backend development jobs increasing by 6% and web development jobs growing by 4%. The study looked at freelance jobs because it is believed that any impact on specific jobs is likely to be seen first in the freelance market, as large companies tend to adopt AI tools at a slower pace.  Secondly, the latest earnings …

Coffee drinking linked to heart disease, Parkinson’s and cancer, study finds

Coffee drinking linked to heart disease, Parkinson’s and cancer, study finds

A common and widely used chemical may be fueling the rise of the world’s fastest growing brain condition – Parkinson’s disease. (CREDIT: Creative Commons) Trichloroethylene (TCE), a chemical commonly used for decaffeinating coffee, degreasing metal, and dry cleaning clothes, is believed to be contributing to the rise of Parkinson’s disease, the world’s fastest-growing brain condition. TCE is a pervasive contaminant, present in several sites including the Marine Corps base Camp Lejeune, 15 toxic Superfund sites in Silicon Valley, and up to one-third of groundwater in the U.S. TCE is known to cause cancer, linked to miscarriages and congenital heart disease, and has been associated with a 500 percent increased risk of Parkinson’s disease. The paper provides details about the widespread use of TCE, the evidence linking the chemical to Parkinson’s disease, and profiles seven individuals who developed Parkinson’s disease after being exposed to the chemical in their work or the environment. A ubiquitous and widespread industrial pollutant TCE, a solvent widely used in industrial, consumer, military, and medical applications, was used for various purposes such …

Recent presidential elections triggered religious and spiritual struggles, study finds

Recent presidential elections triggered religious and spiritual struggles, study finds

Have you ever felt that a political election not only tested your patience but also your faith? A recent study published in Psychology of Religion and Spirituality examines this very question, revealing that the high stakes and polarized nature of the 2016 and 2020 U.S. Presidential elections had notable effects on individuals’ religious and spiritual struggles. The research suggests that the tumultuous atmosphere of these elections stirred significant religious and spiritual conflicts for many, indicating a profound intersection between political beliefs and spiritual well-being. Prior studies have highlighted the intense emotions and societal divisions that can arise from political elections, with outcomes often evoking strong feelings of hope, anger, anxiety, or despair among the electorate. In their new study, researchers aimed to explore the specific impact of political elections on religious and spiritual (R/S) struggles. “I wanted to extend our research on spiritual struggles into topics related to current events. In this study, my team and I wanted to understand whether and why U.S. adults might experience spiritual struggles in response to Presidential election results,” …

New Study Links the Atlantic Diet With Health Benefits. Here’s How to Eat It

New Study Links the Atlantic Diet With Health Benefits. Here’s How to Eat It

You’ve probably heard of the Mediterranean diet: it’s not new in the slightest but is consistently trendy because of the way research continues to link it to general health and longevity. But have you heard of the Atlantic diet? A study published this month in JAMA linked a diet plentiful in fish, dried fruits, vegetables, beans and minimally processed foods with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome, a term for a variety of common health conditions that raise the risk of chronic disease. Specifically, researchers in 2014 and 2015 recruited families, which included more than 500 individual participants, to compare their rate of developing metabolic syndrome during a six-month follow-up. A secondary analysis of the study was conducted from 2021 to late 2023. Those who followed the Atlantic diet were less likely to develop metabolic syndrome (3% of people who didn’t have metabolic syndrome in the study) than those who stuck with their usual lifestyle (7%).  The Atlantic diet is similar to the Mediterranean diet in that it’s far from new — it’s based on …

Groundbreaking new study reveals the cause of ADHD

Groundbreaking new study reveals the cause of ADHD

ADHD manifests as inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and difficulty focusing, and it can greatly influence a person’s academic and social functioning. (CREDIT: Creative Commons) According to the World Health Organization, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is estimated to affect approximately 5% of children worldwide and 2.5% of adults. This disorder manifests as inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and difficulty focusing, and it can greatly influence a person’s academic and social functioning. Although ADHD has been recognized to have a genetic basis, the specific genes implicated have been challenging to identify. However, recent advancements have brought us closer to unraveling this mystery. Israeli scientists have successfully pinpointed a particular gene, CDH2, which seems to be significantly involved in the progression of ADHD. The CDH2 gene encodes N-cadherin, a protein crucial for facilitating brain synapse activity and formation. Through their investigation, the researchers discovered that a mutation in CDH2 disrupts this activity, influencing molecular pathways and dopamine levels within two specific brain regions associated with ADHD: the ventral midbrain and the prefrontal cortex. Using CRISPR technology, the team introduced a …