All posts tagged: assessments

After the Baltimore bridge collapse, we need clear-eyed assessments of the risks to key infrastructure

After the Baltimore bridge collapse, we need clear-eyed assessments of the risks to key infrastructure

[ad_1] Catastrophic collapses of major bridges are thankfully rare. Notable examples in the last couple of decades include the failure of the I35-W in Minneapolis in August 2007, and the collapse of the Morandi bridge in Genoa 11 years later. When such events do occur, public attention is understandably focused on the nature of the collapse, which can extend over hundreds of metres in seconds, and its underlying causes. Whether because of an extreme loading event or an accident, these supposedly rare events in the life of a bridge need to be assessed before they happen, and mitigation measures taken in accordance with the potential consequences. This type of analysis is known as a “risk-based consequence assessment”. The cost of taking additional measures in the near term can prevent major adverse consequences further down the road. With many bridges being over 50 years old, we often hear that a bridge’s condition may have been compromised by deterioration and increased traffic loads – both in the size and frequency of vehicles. Also, older bridges were designed …

Eye-tracking assessments could be the future of ADHD treatment evaluation

Eye-tracking assessments could be the future of ADHD treatment evaluation

[ad_1] A recent study in the Journal of Attention Disorders details the development of a novel method to objectively measure the effects of stimulant medication on individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) through the innovative use of eye-tracking technology. This new approach, dubbed the iFocus method, offers a promising tool for evaluating the efficacy of ADHD treatments in real-world settings, providing a significant leap towards personalized medicine in the management of ADHD. ADHD is a condition marked by patterns of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and difficulties with sustaining attention. It affects people of all ages, though it is most commonly identified in children before puberty. The disorder can persist into adulthood, where hyperactivity often subsides, but attention problems can continue to significantly impact academic and professional performance. The primary treatment for ADHD involves stimulant medications, such as methylphenidate (MPH) and amphetamines (AMP), which have been shown to effectively reduce symptoms. However, evaluating the effectiveness of these treatments has traditionally relied on subjective assessments from patients, parents, or educators, which can vary widely in accuracy. To address these challenges, …

Best-Practice Neurodiversity-Affirming ADHD Assessments | Psychology Today

Best-Practice Neurodiversity-Affirming ADHD Assessments | Psychology Today

[ad_1] Undiagnosed, unsupported attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with a reduction in daily functioning and quality of life in our largely neurotypical-driven world (Hamed et al., 2015; Kosheleff et al., 2023). For example, as a group, people with unsupported ADHD have been observed to have lower academic achievement and lifetime income, and more struggles with peer relationships and risky behaviors. Furthermore, undiagnosed and unsupported ADHD is correlated with overall reduced quality of life and life satisfaction. Moreover, undiagnosed and unsupported ADHD is associated with a per-person cost of approximately US$15,664 per year. The bulk of this is due to ADHD-related productivity costs. Treatment cost-effectiveness studies show that diagnosing and supporting people with ADHD is much more cost-effective than leaving people without support and undiagnosed. Diagnosis and supports enhance quality of life and functioning Interestingly, research shows that diagnosing ADHD (without putting in place supports yet) already has a positive impact on daily functioning and quality of life (Hamed et al., 2015). One possible explanation for this is that an assessment and diagnosis, if conducted well, …

Russia-Ukraine war live: G20 declares members have ‘different views and assessments’ on the conflict | Ukraine

[ad_1] G20 declaration: ‘Different views and assessments of the situation in Ukraine’ The G20 leaders’ declaration on Ukraine noted the “different views and assessments” on Russia’s war on the country, but underscored that all states must act in a manner “consistent with the purposes and principles of the UN charter in its entirety”, Reuters is reporting. All states must refrain from threat or use of force to seek territorial acquisition against territorial integrity and sovereignty or political independence of any state, the declaration states. Russia has asserted from the beginning of the invasion that Ukraine, a recognised separate nation, is actually Russia. Ukraine has also already begun a widespread war crimes investigation into Russia’s actions in the country, some of which include the execution of civilians, rape and looting. The declaration also states that G20 is not the platform to resolve geopolitical and security issues. However, it called for the “timely and effective” implementation to ensure “immediate and unimpeded” deliveries of grain, food stuff and fertilisers from Ukraine and Russia. In July, Russia quit the …